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Small and Afraid and Without Knowledge

November 28th, 2022 | 10 min read

By Noah Karger

On May 11, 1997, a computer program won a chess match against a world champion for the first time in history. The defeated Garry Kasparov said that after Game 5, “he had become so dispirited that he felt the match was already over.” When reporters asked him why, he remarked: ”I’m a human being. When I see something that is well beyond my understanding, I’m afraid.”

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