What does it mean to confess that God is “one” but also, somehow, this one God is “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit”? The opening words of the Nicene creed confess that “we believe in one God.” In episode two, we explore some of the backstory to that confession in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, which early Christians drew upon in confessing that God is “one” (Deuteronomy 6:4) while also confessing that somehow Jesus is worshipped and related to as within the identity of the “one” God of Israel (1 Corinthians 8:4).

We also explore more and less helpful ways to think about the complex and inter-related histories of early Judaism and early Christianity, focusing on Justin Martyr, an early Christian apologist, and his Dialogue with Trypho the Jew, on the significance of Israel’s scriptures for Christian theology.


To support those who made Passages, please consider donating to Mere Orthodoxy.

Joshua Heavin serves as the lead writer and host of Passages, while Caleb Wait serves as the lead producer and co-host. Original music by Aaron Feeney, who welcomes inquires.

Follow Passages and Joshua and Caleb on Twitter for more news and updates about the show.

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Posted by Joshua Heavin

Joshua Heavin received his PhD at the University of Aberdeen (Trinity College Bristol), is an adjunct professor at Houston Baptist University and the King’s College NYC, and is a postulant in the Anglican Diocese of the South (ACNA).

One Comment

  1. Nathaniel Palmer March 20, 2021 at 5:10 pm

    Hey I think you may have some audio mixing issues. One of the hosts (pretty sure it’s Josh) is frequently hard to hear and it gets worse when background music is playing.


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