Update: Per Andrew’s comment, I amended the below to include the footnote and clarify the editors’ position.

For John Calvin, the knowledge of God is necessarily tied to the experience of piety, by which Calvin means “that reverence joined with love of God which the knowledge of his benefits induces.”

The relationship, however, between our knowledge of God and our piety is less clear than it initially seems.  In the most readable translation of Calvin’s Institutes, Ford Lewis Battles and John T. McNeill insert as a heading to the first paragraph of Book I, Chapter 2, “Piety is requisite for the knowledge of God.”  They are so intent, in fact, on this point that they reinforce the exact same point in a footnote:  “It is a favorite emphasis in Calvin that pietas, piety, in which reverence and love fo God are joined, is prerequisite to any true knowledge of God.”

The only problem with this, however, is that Calvin nowhere suggests that piety is a prerequisite to the knowledge of God.  While Calvin is careful to point out that our mind cannot apprehend God without honoring him, he does not suggest that honor must precede apprehension.  While piety is necessarily tied to our knowledge of God, it is the fruit of our knowledge of Him, not the precursor to it.

The point is crucial:  the notion that piety is a precursor to our knowledge of God commits Calvin to something like “prevenient grace.”  Calvin is careful to point out later on in the text that true piety does not exist on the earth.  If piety was a pre-requisite to the knowledge of God, then there would have to be a regenerative action by God in humans prior to his self-revelation to us.

I suggest that McNeill and Battle’s emphasis on piety as a prerequiste is mistaken, then.

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Posted by Matthew Lee Anderson

Matthew Lee Anderson is the Founder and Lead Writer of Mere Orthodoxy. He is the author of Earthen Vessels: Why Our Bodies Matter to our Faith and The End of Our Exploring: A Book about Questioning and the Confidence of Faith. Follow him on Twitter or on Facebook.


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  2. The problem is that you quote Battles and McNeill as saying “requisite” not “prerequisite” and requisite just means “necessary” or “essential.” So the editors actually haven’t made a mistake at all- you have.

    Andrew Faris


  3. Andrew,

    Thanks for the comment, and for forcing me to clarify. I wrote it in haste and didn’t think it necessary to include the footnote, which was clearly governing my interpretation of their use of “requisite.” I have amended my post accordingly, and consequently stand by my critique. Thanks again, and apologies for not being more thorough the first time!

    Highest regards,



  4. […] Second, lust is a grasping, even in it’s look.  It is a refusal to delight in what’s been given and a striving for more.  It refuses to respect the boundaries of the sacred.  Worship, on the other hand, is a response of thankfulness to what’s been given, and a refusal to take more than what is offered.  Calvin understood this, and so stressed the need for piety in approaching the mysteries of God. […]


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